- Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are caused by infections that are passed from one person to another during sexual contact; that is contact with genitals and surrounding areas, body fluids, or mucous membranes like the mouth. These infections often will not cause any observable symptoms. Medically, infections are only called diseases when they cause symptoms. That is why STDs are also called “sexually transmitted infections.” But it is very common for people to use the terms “sexually transmitted diseases” or “STDs,” even when there are no signs of disease.
- There are many kinds of sexually transmitted diseases and infections.
- You can get an STI the first time you have vaginal, anal or oral sex.
- Some STIs have no cure, while others can be treated through medication.
- Most people infected with an STD are unaware unless they are tested.
- You can get an STD from someone who does not know he/she is infected.
- You cannot tell who has an STD by looking at them.
- Some STDs can be transmitted to a baby during pregnancy or birth.
- For women, untreated STIs, even if they are asymptomatic, can lead to Pelvic Inflammatory Disorder, infertility, or pregnancy complications.
- You are more at risk for contracting an STI if you are
- A woman
- Between the ages of 15 and 24
- A woman
- If you are pregnant and considering an abortion it is important to be tested first for STIs.
- During an abortion procedure cells infected with Chlamydia or Gonorrhea can travel from your cervix up into your uterus. When the infection travels and is not treated, you are at greater risk for developing a secondary infection called Pelvic Inflammatory Disease. PID can lead to serious consequences including infertility, ectopic pregnancy, abscess formation and chronic pelvic pain.
For more information on Abortion, click here.